Cahaba Vetch

Vicia sativa

Technical Data Sheet

Description

Cahaba vetch was bred as a winter forage in southern climates and is a nitrogen fixer with some nematicide properties. With less growth than other vetches, Cahaba vetch won’t take over the sward, allowing for more versatility in forage systems.

Growth Pattern

Growth Pattern

Growth Pattern

With a white bloom, cahaba vetch can grow to be between eighteen and twenty inches tall.

Interseeding

Did You Know?

Did You Know?

Plantings require management if interseeding to prevent shading.

Did You Know?

Did You Know?

Interseeding

Seeds/Lb: 10,000 – 12,000

Adaptation

Soil Conditions

Soil Conditions

Soil Conditions

Soil pH: 5.4 – 7.2

Growth

Growth

Growth

Optimum Growth Range: 55°F – 75°F

Establishment

Planting

Planting

Planting

Seeding Depth: ¼” – ¾”

Monoculture: 15 – 30 lb/A

Germination

Germination

Germination

Min Time To Emergence: 7 – 14 days

Ideal Temp: 45°F – 65°F

Management

Grazing

Grazing

Grazing

Earliest Time To Graze: 6″ – 8″

Fertilizing

Fertilizing

Fertilizing

At Planting: 20 lb/A N – 25 lb/A N

During Grazing Season: Not Applicable

Hay/Silage

Hay/Silage

Hay/Silage

Timing: Just before the onset of pods (slightly after the recommended rye window for an area)

Cuttings During Season: 1 – 2

Recovery

Recovery

Recovery

Minimum Graze Height: 2″ – 5″

Rest Period: 14 days

Mixes

Mixes

Mixes

  • Rye (prone to tangling)
  • Wheat
  • Oats

Yield

Yield

Yield

Tons of Dry Matter/A: 1 ½ – 2

Considerations

Cahaba vetch is an annual and will not be suitable for permanent pasture purposes.

Competition

Competition

Competition

Although not competitive when first seeded, cahaba vetch will become competitive.

Risks

Risks

Risks

Cahaba vetch will winterkill.

Diseases

Diseases

Diseases

  • Black Stem
  • Root Rot
  • Gray Mold
  • Leaf Spot
  • Downy Mildew
  • Stem Rot

Pests

Pests

Pests

  • Tarnished Plant Bug
  • Pea Aphid
  • Cowpea aphid
  • Root-Knot Nematode
  • Ring Nematode
  • Root-Lesion Nematode
  • Stubby Root Nematode

Please Note:

All information provided is the result of research, our own experience, or the experiences shared by our customers.

We strongly encourage consulting additional resources before planting to ensure the best fit for your location and needs.

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